PySWMM Documentation which is a Python package the allows seamless interaction with the USEPA-SWMM5

Source of this file is https://pypi.python.org/pypi/pyswmm/

Start here to begin working with pyswmm.

The pyswmm package allows seamless interaction with the USEPA-SWMM5
data model.  Parameter getters/setters and results getters have been
exposed, allowing the user to see results while a simulation is
running as well as update link settings.

Loading a Model
---------------

There are three options to load a model. If there is no desire to
interact with the simulation then the simplest way to run the
model is the following:

.. code-block:: python

>>> from pyswmm import Simulation
>>>
>>> sim = Simulation('./testmodel.inp')
>>> sim.execute()


The following method allows the user to read in a model and
manually step through the simulation and get/set parameters and
results.  This scenario is the cleanest solution using a
with statement. It automatically cleans up after the
simulation is complete. 

.. code-block:: python

>>> from pyswmm import Simulation
>>>
>>> with Simulation('./testmodel.inp') as sim:
... for step in sim:
... pass
... sim.report()

One feature that pyswmm adds to the modeling world is the simulation
stride function ``step_advance``.  Assuming a user has developed all
of their control rules in in a Python script, to reduce simulation
time a user can specify how often Python controls should be evaluated. 

For example, let's assume ``testmodel.inp`` has a 30 second routing step
(using the dynamic wave solver, this step could vary significantly).  If
complex control scenarios are developed, evaluating rules could add
significant time to the simulation.

.. code-block:: python

>>> from pyswmm import Simulation
>>>
>>> with Simulation('testmodel.inp') as sim:
... sim.step_advance(300)
... for step in sim:
... print(sim.current_time)
... # or here! sim.step_advance(newvalue)
... sim.report()

2015-11-01 14:05:00
2015-11-01 14:10:00
2015-11-01 14:15:00
2015-11-01 14:20:00

Nodes
-----

For interacting with nodes a :py:class:`pyswmm.nodes.Nodes` object must be initialized.
See the following example. Once the ``Nodes`` object is initialized,
you can then initialize a :py:class:`pyswmm.nodes.Node`

.. code-block:: python

>>> from pyswmm import Simulation, Nodes
>>>
>>> with Simulation('./testmodel.inp') as sim:
... node_object = Nodes(sim)
...
... #J1 node instantiation
... J1 = node_object["J1"]
... print(J1.invert_elevation)
... print(J1.is_junction())
...
... #Step through a simulation
... for step in sim:
... print(J1.total_inflow)
...
... sim.report()


Links
-----

For interacting with nodes a :py:class:`pyswmm.links.Links` object must be initialized.
See the following example. Once the ``Links`` object is initialized,
you can then initialize a :py:class:`pyswmm.links.Link`

.. code-block:: python


>>> from pyswmm import Simulation, Links
>>>
>>> with Simulation('./testmodel.inp') as sim:
... link_object = Links(sim)
...
... #C1:C2 link instantiation
... c1c2 = link_object["C1:C2"]
... print(c1c2.flow_limit)
... print(c1c2.is_conduit())
...
... #Step through a simulation
... for step in sim:
... print(c1c2.flow)
... if c1c2.flow > 10.0:
... c1c2.target_setting = 0.5
...
... sim.report()


Subcatchments
-------------

For interacting with subcatchments a :py:class:`pyswmm.subcatchments.Subcatchments`
object must be initialized. See the following example. Once the ``Subcatchments`` object is initialized,
you can then initialize a :py:class:`pyswmm.subcatchments.Subcatchment`

.. code-block:: python


>>> from pyswmm import Simulation, Subcatchments
>>>
>>> with Simulation('./testmodel.inp') as sim:
... subcatch_object = Subcatchments(sim)
...
... #SC1 subcatchment instantiation
... SC1 = subcatch_object["S1"]
... print(SC1.area)
...
... #Step through a simulation
... for step in sim:
... print(SC1.runoff)
...
... sim.report()


In the example above we introduce the option to change a link's settings.

PySWMM Controls
---------------

The pyswmm package exposes new possibility in interfacing with models.  All control
rules can now be removed from USEPA SWMM5 and brought into Python.  Now that this
functionality exists, open-source Python packages can now be used in conjunction
with pyswmm to bring even more complex control routines. 

The following example illustrates the use of functions for
comparing two depths.

.. code-block:: python

>>> from pyswmm import Simulation, Links, Nodes
>>>
>>> def TestDepth(node, node2):
>>> if node > node2:
>>> return True
>>> else:
>>> return False
>>>
>>> with Simulation('./testmodel.inp') as sim:
... link_object = Links(sim)
...
... #C1:C2 link instantiation
... c1c2 = link_object["C1:C2"]
...
... node_object = Nodes(sim)
... #J1 node instantiation
... J1 = node_object["J1"]
... #J2 node instantiation
... J2 = node_object["J2"]
...
... #Step through a simulation
... for step in sim:
... if TestDepth(J1.depth, J2.depth):
... c1c2.target_setting = 0.5
...
... sim.report()

If an EPA-SWMM5 Model has existing control actions within, any control
rules developed using pyswmm will have the highest priority.  All pyswmm
control actions are evaluated at the end of each simulation step, after
EPA-SWMM native controls have been evaluated.  If control actions are reported,
any control action updated by pyswmm will be output to the *.rpt file.


Generate Node Inflows
---------------------

Among the newest features pyswmm brings to SWMM5 modeling is the ability to
set a nodes inflow.  This can enable the user to model different behavior such as
runoff or seasonality. 

.. code-block:: python

>>> from pyswmm import Simulation, Nodes
>>>
>>> with Simulation('/testmodel.inp') as sim:
... j1 = Nodes(sim)["J1"]
... for step in sim:
... j1.generated_inflow(9)

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