Sunday, October 23, 2016

How to Use Scatter Plots in the DB Output tables of #InfoSWMM for d/D and q/Q

How to Use Scatter Plots in the DB Output tables of #InfoSWMM

All of the SWMM5 output tables are available in the output report manager of InfoSWMM and H2OMap SWMM.  A key output table is the conduit summary table where the maximum link values are shown.  You can use the right mouse click to see the statistics, plot, frequency plot, histogram graph and scatter graph for the selected column.  If you select two columns you can make a scatter plot. 

An interesting scatter graph is the d/D or capacity of the pipe versus q/Qfull for the pipe.  Qfull is based on the full pipe depth, area and hydraulic radius using the bed slope.  Due to the fact that InfoSWMM, SWMM5 and H2OMap SWMM use the full St. Venant solution you can have a q/Qfull greater than 1 when the d/D is less than 1.  Here are some St. Venant solution in SWMM5 blogs for reference.





Figure 1 - How to Use Scatter Plots in the DB Output tables of #InfoSWMM for d/D and q/Q

Update for [USEPA/SWMM-EPANET_User_Interface] MTP 3

Just a note about the great work being done on the new EPANET and SWMM 5 QGIS interface.
This is the third Minimum Testable Product, released for testing of specific functionality.
This is not a fully functional product and is not suitable for production use.

You are receiving this because you are subscribed to this thread.
View it on GitHub 

Friday, October 21, 2016

InfoSWMM, InfoSewer and InfoWater from Innovyze connection between your model data and your GIS data


One of the great features about InfoSWMM, InfoSewer and InfoWater from Innovyze is the intimate connection between your model data and your GIS data. It is important for this to work correctly that you use the correct spatial reference. Innovyze has many tools for changing the spatial reference:

1. Arc GIS TOC

2. Arc Toolbox projection tools

3. Innovyze tools for changing the spatial reference

4. Innovyze tools for margining spatial reference

5. GIS background maps from ESRI

6. Google Earth and Google Maps connections


A great twitter header image from our @Innovyze Channel Partners in Spain @sp_infoworks


Thursday, October 20, 2016

RDII Analyst, SWMM5 and ICM SE - Diagram of R, T and K parameters for RDII

RDII Analyst, SWMM5 and ICM SE - Diagram of R, T and K parameters for RDII.  RDII Analyst in H2OMap SWMM and #InfoSWMM can export using the SWMM5 Export Exchange tool SWMM5 files with calibrated RTK parameters for #SWMM5 and #InfoWorks_ICM




How to Use Arc Map Selection to add to Domains in #InfoSewer and #InfoSWMM

How to Use Arc Map Selection to add to Domains in #InfoSewer and #InfoSWMM:
  1. Use the Arc Map Selection Tools
  2. Select a layer of Nodes or Links in Arc Map
  3. Add your elements to the Arc Map Selection and finally
  4. Add the selected elements from Arc Map to the InfoSewer Domain (Bullet 4)

How to Use Arc Map Selection to add to Domains in #InfoSewer and #InfoSWMM


Sunday, October 16, 2016

More St Venant Equations in #SWMM5

This blog shows the relationship between the terms dq1, dq2, dq3 and dq4 in the SWMM5 code and the St. Venant Partial Differential Equations.

dq2 = Time Step * Area wtd * (Head Downstream – Head Upstream) / Link Length or

dq2 = Time Step * Area wtd * (HGL) / Link Length Qnew = (Qold – dq2 + dq3 + dq4) / ( 1 + dq1) when the force main is full dq3 and dq4 are zero and

Qnew = (Qold – dq2) / ( 1 + dq1) The dq4 term in dynamic.c uses the area upstream (a1) and area downstream (a2), the midpoint velocity, the sigma factor (a function of the link Froude number), the link length and the time step or

dq4 = Time Step * Velocity * Velocity * (a2 – a1) / Link Length * Sigma the dq3 term in dynamic.c uses the current midpoint area (a function of the midpoint depth), the sigma factor and the midpoint velocity

dq3 = 2 * Velocity * ( Amid(current iteration) – Amid (last time step) * Sigma

dq1 = Time Step * RoughFactor / Rwtd^1.333 * |Velocity| The weighted area (Awtd) is used in the dq2 term of the St. Venant equation:

dq2 = Time Step * Awtd * (Head Downstream – Head Upstream) / Link Length


In this blog we show how the St Venant terms are used in SWMM5 as equations, table, graphs and units. We use a QA/QC version of SWMM 5 that lists many more link, node, system and Subcatchment variables than the default SWMM 5 GUI and engine. This also applies to #InfoSWMM and any software the uses the #SWMM5 engine.  
SWMM5 is using is the most advanced equations as it takes into consideration the full dynamic (St. Venant) equations and not the more simplified kinematic wave / manning equations. The manning equation only considers the uniform flow conditions which represents a situation where the gravitational force on a column of water (due to the channel slope) balances out the frictional force. The full dynamic equations contains additional factors that affect the movement of water in a conduit or channel. These include the pressure force due to variation of depth along the length of the channel and the inertial (or convective acceleration) effect due to variation of flow area along the channel length. Because of these additional terms the flow/head relation you have in uniform flow conditions can be completely different according to the configuration of his network.

Saturday, October 15, 2016

Hydraulic Jump and Froude # in #SWMM5


In this blog we example the Froude Number values computed in SWMM5 as equations, table, graphs and units. We use a QA/QC version of SWMM 5 that lists many more link, node, system and Subcatchment variables than the default SWMM 5 GUI and engine. This blog also applies to #InfoSWMM and any software the uses the #SWMM5 engine.  SWMM 5 computes only one flow in the middle of the link but it uses depth, head, cross sectional area and hydraulic radius at the upstream, midpoint and downstream points of the link (Figure 1).  The Froude # is computed at all three points and if you could see the Froude # you will see a jump at times in a single link (Figure 2).

Figure 1.  Computational points in #SWMM5
Figure 2.  Three locations of the Froude Number - it is possible to see where the Hydraulic Jump occurs in the link.

Horton Animation of Infiltration in #SWMMM5 and #INFOSWMM

Overview

In this blog we look at GIF of how Horton Infiltration works in #SWMM5 and #InfoSWMM and any other GUI that uses the SWMM5 Engine.


#SWMM5 1-D St Venant Equation Terms

Overview

In this blog we show how the St Venant terms are used in SWMM5 as equations, table, graphs and units. We use a QA/QC version of SWMM 5 that lists many more link, node, system and Subcatchment variables than the default SWMM 5 GUI and engine. This also applies to #InfoSWMM and any software the uses the #SWMM5 engine.
SWMM5 is using is the most advanced equations as it takes into consideration the full dynamic (St. Venant) equations and not the more simplified kinematic wave / manning equations. The manning equation only considers the uniform flow conditions which represents a situation where the gravitational force on a column of water (due to the channel slope) balances out the frictional force. The full dynamic equations contains additional factors that affect the movement of water in a conduit or channel. These include the pressure force due to variation of depth along the length of the channel and the inertial (or convective acceleration) effect due to variation of flow area along the channel length. Because of these additional terms the flow/head relation you have in uniform flow conditions can be completely different according to the configuration of his network.

How are the St Venant Terms used in SWMM5?

Figure 1 shows the terms and Figure 2  and Figure 3 shows the terms in a SWMM5 table and SWMM5 graph. 

dq2 = Time Step * Area wtd * (Head Downstream – Head Upstream) / Link Length or

dq2 = Time Step * Area wtd * (HGL) / Link Length Qnew = (Qold – dq2 + dq3 + dq4) / ( 1 + dq1) when the force main is full dq3 and dq4 are zero and

Qnew = (Qold – dq2) / ( 1 + dq1) The dq4 term in dynamic.c uses the area upstream (a1) and area downstream (a2), the midpoint velocity, the sigma factor (a function of the link Froude number), the link length and the time step or

dq4 = Time Step * Velocity * Velocity * (a2 – a1) / Link Length * Sigma the dq3 term in dynamic.c uses the current midpoint area (a function of the midpoint depth), the sigma factor and the midpoint velocity

dq3 = 2 * Velocity * ( Amid(current iteration) – Amid (last time step) * Sigma

dq1 = Time Step * RoughFactor / Rwtd^1.333 * |Velocity| The weighted area (Awtd) is used in the dq2 term of the St. Venant equation:

dq2 = Time Step * Awtd * (Head Downstream – Head Upstream) / Link Length

You can also see the QA/QC report for SWMM 5 https://www.epa.gov/water-research/storm-water-management-model-swmm#downloads

How are the St Venant Units used in #SWMM5?

The new flow (Q) calculated at during each iteration of time step as

(1) Q for the new iteration = (Q at the Old Time Step – DQ2 + DQ3 + DQ4 ) / ( 1.0 + DQ1 + DQ5)

In which DQ2, DQ3 and DQ4 all have units of flow (note internally SWMM 5 has units of CFS and the flows are converted to the user units in the output file, graphs and tables of SWMM 5).

The equations and units for DQ2, DQ3 and DQ4 are:

(2) Units of DQ2 = DT * GRAVITY * aWtd * ( H2 – H1) / Length = second * feet/second^2 * feet^2 * feet / feet = feet^3/second = CFS

(3) Units of DQ3 = 2 * Velocity * ( aMid – aOld) * Sigma = feet/second * feet^2 = feet^3/second = CFS

(4) Units of DQ4 = DT * Velocity * Velocity * ( aMid – aOld) * Sigma / Length = second * feet/second * feet/second * feet^2 / feet = feet^3/second = CFS

The equations and units for DQ1 and DQ5 are:

(5) Units of DQ1 = DT * GRAVITY * (n/PHI)^2 * Velocity / Hydraulic Radius^1.333 = second * feet/second^2 * second^2 * feet^1/3 * feet/second / feet^1.33 = Dimensionless

(6) Units of DQ5 = K * Q / Area / 2 / Length * DT = feet^3/second * 1/feet^2 * 1/feet * second = Dimensionless
Figure 1.  St Venant Terms in Table and Graphs for #SWMM5 for dq1, dq2, dq3, dq4, dq5, dq6

Figure 2.  St Venant Equation in SWMM5

Various Videos of Flow into a Stormwater Inlet in Florida

Various Videos of Flow into a Stormwater Inlet in Florida

You can see gutter on the street,  chaotic flow into the inlet and very large scale pollution in the open area of the manhole,


Friday, October 14, 2016

Innovyze President Dr. Paul F. Boulos Reelected to the American Academy of Water Resources Engineers Board of Trustees

Innovyze President Dr. Paul F. Boulos Reelected to the American Academy of Water Resources Engineers Board of Trustees

Broomfield, Colorado, USA, October 14, 2016

Innovyze, a leading global innovator of business analytics software and technologies for smart wet infrastructure, today announced that its president, chief operating officer and chief innovation officer, Paul F. Boulos, Ph.D., BCEEM, Hon.D.WRE, Dist.D.NE, Dist.M.ASCE, NAE, has been reelected for a three-year term to the Board of Trustees of the American Academy of Water Resources Engineers (AAWRE) of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). His term began October 1, 2016. He previously served as 2014 AAWRE President and on the AAWRE Board of Trustees from 2009 to 2015.

Dr. Boulos is one of the world’s foremost experts on water resources and navigation engineering and the author of ten authoritative books and more than 200 technical articles on issues critical to the water and wastewater industry. He is the recipient of an array of national and international awards and honors, including notable technical awards for excellence in scholarship from the American Water Works Association, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and ASCE; U.S. Ellis Island Medal of Honor; ASCE Parcel-Sverdrup Civil Engineering Management Award; University of Kentucky Hall of Distinction (the most prestigious honor granted by the university); Lebanese American University Distinguished Alumni Award; and NAE Einstein Society Award. He was awarded Honorary Diplomate status by AAWRE and Distinguished Diplomate status in Navigation Engineering by the Academy of Coastal, Ocean, Port & Navigation Engineers (ACOPNE), the top honors for both Academies. He was also elected to the grade of Distinguished Member of ASCE, the highest honor conferred by the Society; and to the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), the highest professional distinction accorded to an engineer.

Dr. Boulos  received his Doctorate, Master of Science and Bachelor of Science degrees in Civil Engineering from the University of Kentucky, and his Bachelor’s degree in General Science from the Lebanese American University. He has also completed Harvard Business School’s Advanced Management Program.

The American Academy of Water Resources Engineers was created by ASCE and its Environmental and Water Resources Institute (EWRI) to improve the practice, elevate the standards, and advance the profession of water resources engineering. Key AAWRE goals are to identify and certify engineers with specialized knowledge in water resources for the benefit of the public; recognize the ethical practice of water resources engineering at the expert level; enhance the practice of water resources engineering; support and promote positions on water resources issues important to the public health, safety and welfare; and encourage life-long learning and continued professional development. 

“Dr. Boulos is highly respected around the world as a pivotal leader in international business and water resources engineering and is person of impeccable character,” said AAWRE Trustee and President Deborah H. Lee, PE, PH, D.WRE, Director, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in Michigan. “He is a champion of strong corporate governance and is deeply committed to the mission and values of AAWRE. He brings a wealth of experience and expertise to the organization and will be a tremendous asset to our Board as we further our mission to promote and improve our noble profession and build better communities and a better world. I join my fellow board members in wholeheartedly welcoming Dr. Boulos to our Board.” 

“It’s an especially meaningful pleasure to be asked to serve on this distinguished board,” Boulos said. “I am so proud to be a part of this noble and great profession and look forward with excitement to the advances we will make together in furthering AAWRE’s mission to enhance the field and standing of water resources engineering.”

For more information on AAWRE, visit www.aawre.org.

About InnovyzeInnovyze is a leading global provider of wet infrastructure business analytics software solutions designed to meet the technological needs of water/wastewater utilities, government agencies, and engineering organizations worldwide. Its clients include the majority of the largest UK, Australasian, East Asian and North American cities, foremost utilities on all five continents, and ENR top-rated design firms. Backed by unparalleled expertise and offices in North America, Europe, and Asia Pacific, the Innovyze connected portfolio of best-in-class product lines empowers thousands of engineers to competitively plan, manage, design, protect, operate, and sustain highly efficient and resilient infrastructure systems, and provides an enduring platform for customer success. For more information, call Innovyze at +1 626-568-6868, or visit www.innovyze.com.

Innovyze Contact:
Rajan RayDirector of Marketing and Client Service Manager
Rajan.Ray@innovyze.com
+1 626-568-6868

Saturday, October 8, 2016

#SWMM5 has Topological sorting of conveyance network links

SWMM5 has Topological sorting of conveyance network links in toposort.c  It sorts the network for kinematic wave but also finds the degree of number of links out of a node.  An upstream node has a negative degree and an outfall has a degree of zero.  The degree of the node is used to determine the node composition for the OUTFLOWS file in SWMM 5.  Figure 1 shows the node degrees for a sample network.


 Figure 1. The -  node degrees for a sample network.

Wednesday, October 5, 2016

How to Use the Input HGL with a Domain in #INFOSEWER

How to Use the Input HGL with a Domain in #INFOSEWER


1. 1st make a domain out of a selection set using the domain manager,

2. Click on the Input HGL profile

3. Add the domain to the selection using the right mouse click

4. Use the right mouse click again and click enter

5. You should see the Input HGL for the domain

How to Use the Input HGL with a Domain in #INFOSEWER

Sunday, October 2, 2016

Arc GIS Tools for 2D Polygon Processing

Arc GIS Tools for 2D Polygon Processing
Clip – restrict data to area of extents
Buffer – offset polygon data
Dissolve – merge polygons
Multipart to Singlepart – make features individual (need to run after using dissolve)
Repair geometry – fix bad geometry
Erase – remove features inside areas
Integrate – align polygons




Saturday, October 1, 2016

A map of how Keep, Ignore and Dampen are used in #INFOSWMM and #SWMM5

A map of how Keep, Ignore and Dampen are used in #INFOSWMM and #SWMM5.   The Keep, Ignore and Dampen opens are important it the engine for controlling which St. Venant terms are used.



The effect of backwater and depth downstream on the links and depths upstream in #SWMM5

Do not forget that the downstream links of your model can affect the d/D and other hydraulic terms in the current link.   The downstream link with backwater raises the downstream link depth which affects the depth and d/D in the link of interest.  For example, 
The d/D is higher in link CDT-2253 due the effect of a fuller pipe downstream (1).  The d/D is the value in the middle of the link and it averages the downstream and upstream d/D.    The flow in CDT-2249 is 160 and the d/D is 0.47 but even though the flow in CDT-2253 is the same, the d/D is higher as the pipe downstream Pipe-4520 is fuller due to a flow of 425.  The higher d/D in Pipe-4520 means that the downstream d/D of CDT-2253 is higher as
The d/D is the middle value and is the average of the depths at the upstream and downstream points of the link.
CDT-2249 has a d/D of 0.47 as it does not have a downstream effect.

HGL Graph in #InfoSWMM

Hidden features of the 1D St Venant solution for SWMM5, InfoSWMM, and ICM SWMM Networks

1/ There is also an ArcEngine version of InfoSWMM call InfoSWMM SA. I will SA to show some hidden features of the 1D St Venant solution f...